Term

Nifty 50 Meaning, Stocks, History

Nifty 50 is the main stock market index of National Stock Exchange (NSE). The full form of Nifty 50 is ‘National Stock Exchange Fifty’.

Nifty 50 is one of the two major indices in India, the other is Sensex which belongs to the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).

Nifty 50 consists of 50 large and well-established companies that are listed on the National Stock Exchange. Over a period of time, companies that are a part of the Nifty 50 can be dropped and new companies can be added – depending on the financial performance and other factors.

Nifty 50 has become the largest single financial product in India, with an ecosystem comprising of exchange-traded funds (ETF), exchange-traded options, and futures and options abroad at the Singapore Exchange (SGX) too.

The Nifty 50 is a benchmark for investors, including mutual funds. The goal of most mutual fund managers and individual investors is to outperform the index over a period of time.

NIFTY 50 Stock List

CompanySector
Adani PortsTransport Infrastructure
Asian PaintsPaints
Axis BankPrivate Bank
Bajaj AutoAutomobile
Bajaj FinanceFinance (NBFC)
Bajaj FinservFinance (Investment)
Bharti AirtelTelecom
Bharti InfratelTelecom
BPCLRefineries
BritanniaConsumer Food
CiplaPharmaceuticals
Coal IndiaCoal
Dr Reddys LabsPharmaceuticals
Eicher MotorsAutomobile
GAILGas Distribution
GrasimConglomerate
HCL TechInformation Technology
HDFCFinance (Housing)
HDFC BankPrivate Bank
Hero MotocorpAutomobile
HindalcoIron & Steel
HULHousehold Products
ICICI BankPrivate Bank
IndusInd BankPrivate Bank
InfosysInformation Technology
IOCRefineries
ITCTobacco
JSW SteelIron & Steel
Kotak Mahindra BankPrivate Bank
Larsen & ToubroInfrastructure
M&MAutomobile
Maruti SuzukiAutomobile
NestleConsumer Food
NTPCPower Generation/Distribution
ONGCOil Exploration and Production
Power Grid CorpPower Generation/Distribution
RelianceOil Exploration and Production
SBIPublic Bank
Sun PharmaPharmaceuticals
Tata MotorsAutomobile
Tata SteelIron & Steel
TCSInformation Technology
Tech MahindraInformation Technology
Titan CompanyJewellery
UltraTechCementCement
UPLPesticides & Agrochemicals
VedantaMetals
WiproInformation Technology
Yes BankPrivate Bank
Zee EntertainmentTV Broadcasting

History of Nifty 50

The base or starting value of Nifty 50 was 1000 and the base date for calculation of Nifty was 3rd November 1995.

Nifty 50 was launched 22nd April 1996.

From 1000, the Nifty 50 has risen to 12,200 today (3 January 2020). In 24 years, the Nifty 50 has given returns of 11% (CAGR).

Nifty 50 Chart 1995 - 2020
Nifty 50 Chart 1995 – 2020: From the time it was first compiled in 1995, the overall trend has been positively upwards, even though in between the market has crashed several times. The biggest crash was in 2008, when the Nifty 50 crashed from nearly 6300 points to 2700.

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